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2017英语专四阅读模拟练习(16)

发布时间:2019-08-12 15:20编辑:本站原创阅读(86)

    2017英语专四阅读模拟练习(16)

    2017阅读模拟练习(16)  CouldthebadolddaysofeconomicdeclinebeabouttoreturnSinceOPECagreedtosupply-cutsinMarch,thepriceofcrudeoilhasjumpedtoalmost$26abarrel,upfromlessthan$ck,whenpricesquadrupled,and1979-1980,  Theo,atthesametimeaswintergripsthenorthernhemisphere,couldpushthepricehigherstillintheshortterm。   Yettherearegoodreason,taxesaccountforuptofour-fifthsoftheretailprice,soevenquitebigchangesinthepriceofcrudehaveamoremutedeffectonpumppricesthaninthepast。   Richeconomiesarealsolessdependentonoilthantheywere,,ashifttootherfuelsandadeclineintheimportanceofheavy,,cons(inconstantprices)richeconomiesnowusenearly50%,ifoilpricesaveraged$22abarrelforafullyear,comparedwith$13in1998,%,oil-importingemergingeconomies—towhichheavyindustryhasshifted—havebecomemoreenergy-intensive,andsocouldbemoreseriouslysqueezed。   Onemorereasonnottolosesleepovertheriseinoilpricesisthat,unliketherisesinthe1970s,ithasnotoccurredagainsttheb%,andin1979byalmost30%。     [A]globalinflation.  [B]reductioninsupply。   [C]fastgrowthineconomy.  [D]Iraqssuspensionofexports。

      maticallyif  [A]priceofcruderises.  [B]commoditypricesrise。   [C]consumptionrises.  [D]oiltaxesrise。

        [A]heavyindustrybecomesmoreenergy-intensive。   [B]incomelossmainlyresultsfromfluctuatingcrudeoilprices。   [C]manufacturingindustryhasbeenseriouslysqueezed。

      [D]oilpricechangeshavenosignificantimpactonGDP。

        [A]oil-priceshocksarelessshockingnow。   [B]inflationseemsirrelevanttooil-priceshocks。   [C]energyconservationcankeepdowntheoilprices。

      [D]thepriceriseofcrudeleadstotheshrinkingofheavyindustry。     [A]optimistic.  [B]sensitive.  [C]gloomy.  [D]scared。

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